Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, guru and tycoon, died on February 5th, aged 91
VISITORS entering the World Bank in Washington one sweaty day in 1987
might have been surprised to come upon a team of smiling young men,
legs neatly folded into the lotus position, hopping like frogs. In
fact, most visitors were probably not surprised at all. Like many
happenings connected with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, this display of "yogic
flying" had been well advertised. The only surprise was that the bank,
usually cast as a bastion of hard-headed rationality, should provide
such a ready audience for an event whose aim was not physical fitness
but world peace.
Thirty years earlier the maharishi, who had studied maths and physics
at Allahabad University, had calculated that one person practising the
transcendental meditation he promoted could induce virtuous behaviour
among 99 non-meditators. He had already, in 1944, helped to get 2,000
Vedic pandits, learned followers of one of the four holy books of the
Hindus, to chant mantras in an effort to bring the second world war to
an end. He had again assembled meditators in 1963 to solve the Cuban
missile crisis. But his ambitions were bigger--world peace, no
less--and by the 1980s he had come to realise that to bring harmony to
a world of 5 billion people, he would need 50m meditators.
Undaunted, he did the arithmetic again, this time factoring in
meditation of deep purity and concentration (including yogic flying),
and happily found he needed a number no greater than the square root of
1%--a mere 7,000 or so. Accordingly, 7,000 flyers were assembled during
the Taste of Utopia conference in Fairfield, Iowa, in 1984. Annoyingly,
though, the "wide range of positive effects worldwide" ended with the
conference. Something similar happened after 7,000 students gathered
for yogic flying and Vedic chanting near Delhi in 1988. The Berlin Wall
came down all right and the cold war ended, but the money needed to
keep the group airborne ran out and, dammit, "new tensions" started to
arise in the world.
If only the maharishi had had the necessary funds. Actually, he had. He
may not have known how to make peace, but he certainly knew how to make
money. After years studying under a Hindu divine in the late 1950s, he
had pronounced himself a maharishi (great seer) and set up the
Spiritual Regeneration Movement. This took transcendental meditation,
which he had trademarked, to the world, with Hollywood one of the first
stops. Disciples paid $2,500 for a five-day course, learning how to
reach a "deeper level" of consciousness by inwardly repeating a mantra
twice a day for 20 minutes.
Real fame came when the Beatles beat a path to his door, seeking
enlightenment and spirituality through good vibrations. George Harrison
had already fallen under the spell of the sitar and the maharishi's
message appealed to John Lennon's angry pacifism. Before long the Fab
Four were ensconced in the maharishi's ashram in the foothills of the
Himalayas. Their stay was only a modified success, though, with Lennon
and Ringo Starr complaining about the food, and all of them, perhaps,
beginning to resent their host's transcendental interest in using them
for publicity, if not an outright percentage of their earnings.
No matter. Plenty of others were ready to step forward for a dose of
spiritual bliss, and not all were celebrities. In America meditation
was judged to be just the tonic for a variety of people ranging from
underperforming executives to recidivist prisoners. An army general
even joined the board of Maharishi International University, set up in
Fairfield in 1974. All in all, some 5m people are said to have been
taught the maharishi's techniques since 1955.
His other ventures blossomed, too. A property empire was valued at over
$3 billion ten years ago. A television station offered meditation
courses to subscribers in 144 countries. Companies sold unguents,
books, videos and Ayurvedic treatment. His political movement, the
Natural Law Party, which in the 1990s pursued the goal of world
government by fighting elections in America, Britain and several other
countries, was less successful, and eventually folded. This, however,
did not stop the maharishi then launching the raam, a global currency
intended to foster development.
IMAGINE (ALL THE THINGS HE DIDN'T DO)
Crank? Crackpot? Charlatan? Maybe all three. Yet the maharishi was
generally benign. He did not use his money for sinister ends. He
neither drank, nor smoked, nor took drugs. Indeed, he is credited with
weaning the Beatles off dope (for a while). He did not accumulate
scores of Rolls-Royces, like Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh; his biggest
self-indulgence was a helicopter. Nor was he ever accused of molesting
choirboys; his greatest sexual impropriety, it was said, was to make a
pass at Mia Farrow. He giggled a lot, and plainly had no lack of
self-esteem. But his egotism did not mean he was always wringing his
hands at pop concerts or blethering at Davos; after the 1960s he seldom
appeared in public.
Moreover, his message was entirely laudable. He did not promote a cult
or even a mainstream religion preaching original sin, purgatory and the
likelihood of eternal damnation. He just wanted to end poverty, teach
people how to achieve personal fulfilment and help them to discover
"Heaven on Earth in this generation". And yogic flying, of course.
Economist.com is the online version of The Economist newspaper, an
independent weekly international news and business publication offering
clear reporting, commentary and analysis on world politics, business,
finance, science & technology, culture, society and the arts.
Economist.com also offers exclusive content online, including additional
articles throughout the week.